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Capital of Georgia – Tbilisi

Tbilisi – the capital of Georgia, is located in the eastern part of the country at 41º 43 ‘’N 44º 47’0’’E at the 380-770 meters above the sea level. According to data of 2005, population of the capital makes 1,093,000. Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia since V AD and until now. It was founded by the King of Kartli Vakhtang Gorgasali in the middle of the IV AD, and his son Dachi moved capital from Mtskheta to Tbilisi. The legend links founding of Tbilisi with the warm sulphur springs existing on its territory. Tbilisi was one of the most important cities on the Silk Road; here the caravans coming from east to west and from west to east came across bringing the diversity of habits and cultural traditions. Up to now, Tbilisi represents the conglomerate of European and Asian cultures. This is the place where peacefully coexisted the representatives of various nationalities and religious groups, although, Tbilisi has always been Georgian city and the only capital that was acceptable for everybody. Throughout its history, Tbilisi has been destroyed and rebuilt 30 times.



Sights of Tbilisi

Abanotubani
Old bathes of Tbilisi, which are linked with the legend on founding of the city; especially distinguished are the so called Orbeliani or Motley Bathes.
Tbilisi Mosque
the Only functioning mosque in Tbilisi; it was built in the end of XIX century and replaced the Sunni mosque. Currently it serves both Sunni and Shiite population of Tbilisi.
Narikala
Citadel dating back to IV AD; like the city itself, it has been destroyed and rebuilt several times; in the walls, several construction layers can be observed.
Metekhi Temple
Temple of 13th century on Metekhi Plateau opening the fascinating view of old Tbilisi; the current building replaced old temple being one of the oldest buildings of the city.
Sioni Cathedral
One of the first temples in Tbilisi, foundation of which was laid by Vakhtang Gorgasali. The cathedral has been destroyed and rehabilitated several times; current design accounts to 1657, although, it has been restored several times since. It is named after the Blessed Virgin. Here one of the greatest sanctities of Georgia – St. Nino’s cross is stored.
Anchiskhati
Oldest church extant in Tbilisi; built in VI century the church has been redesigned several times. During one restoration in XIX they even added cupola, but it was removed again in XX century and the initial design was restored.
Rustaveli Avenue
the First avenue in Tbilisi; it was built in beginning of 19th century; the City Hall, Parliament, Opera House, Shota Rustaveli Theatre, Kashueti Church are located on it.
Museums(www.museum.ge )
S. Janashia State Museum of History (Gold Fund, Colchis Treasury, Museum of Occupation); Sh. Amiranashvili State Museum of Arts (works of European and Georgian artists, icon paintings and minting of Christian era, oriental pieces of arts) G. Chitaia Ethnographical Outdoor Museum (the specimen of Georgian architecture from various regions)




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